Selenge province is located in the Northern part of Mongolia in a beautiful basin of Orkhon and Selenge rivers. Selenge is the first (or last) province seen by train travelers shuttling between Ulaanbaatar and Russia. There is not a lot to attract visitors to Selenge except the majestic, but remote, monastery Amarbayasgalant Khiid and some beautiful scenery.
Ethnic groups in the province include Khaikh, Buryat, Dorvod, Oold and Russians. Buryats, Kazakhs, Russian and even Chinese live in wooden huts in villages hugging the train line and the main paved road that bisect the province. They look after some of the 300,000 hectares of grains, fruits and vegetables. Many others live in Darkhan, Mongolia's second largest city.
There are Orkhon, Tuul, Kharaa, Yeruu, Iven, Burgaltai, Suren, Mankhai, Sharyn and many other small and big rivers flowing through Khentii mountains, and emptying into the Selenge, the largest river in Mongolia. The highest mountains are Delgerkhan and Songol with the altitude of 1,427-2,226 m above sea level. 47 % of the territory is pasture, 2 % hay fields and sown fields cover 85 % of the territory. 42 % of the territory is covered with broad-leaved and coniferous forest. With pines prevailing, trees include poplars, larches, birches, Siberian cedars, willows, picea wins. Ruddy, shellduck, duck, goose, pallas's sandgrouse inhabit basins of rivers. Elks, lynxes, foxes, bears, deer, marmots, boars, wolves can be encountered in the forests, steppes, and mountains of Selenge province.
Selenge province produces 40-56 percent of grain of the country. In 1998 Selenge provinces industry produced goods worth 24.2 billion tugriks. In the province, there are timber, match, cement, chalk, spirit, wood plants, gold, coal mines and power stations. In the south-east, the open-pit coal mine at Sharyn Gol produces about two million tons of coal each year to provide electricity for the Erdenet mine in Bulgan province.Amarbayasgalant monastery